## How Geometry is Used in Soccer

All across the globe, numerous people in different places love soccer. Over the years, this amazing game of teamwork and skillfulness has certainly captured the attention and the hearts of many. So where does geometry enter the picture? Geometry, a mathematical subject area focusing on the study of shapes, sizes, measurements, and comparative standpoints of various figures, is actually considered a practical field that plays a major role in soccer. After all, those who are familiar with this particular sport know that it greatly involves shapes, areas, and measurements much more than the formations that the players apply.

The Soccer Field

One basic concept in geometry is symmetry or balance. If you examine various soccer fields, you will find that they are all marked evenly. What you find on one side is always replicated on the other. This is a literal representation of what is known as a level playing field.

Fundamentally, the shape of a soccer field is rectangular. There are specific lengths that are expressed either in yards or meters in measuring the rectangle. Certainly, you will see that there are plenty of other shapes to find in this field— the penalty area and penalty arc, the center circle, the goal area, and the corner arc among others.

There are governing laws to follow when making the markings in a soccer field. Therefore, the groundsman should ensure that these are complied with to meet given requirements. I myself have experienced officiating in actual games. In my observation, there are arcs that seem to appear like ordinary melons. Goal posts may also come as round or square-shaped so long as the width is the same as that of the goal line. It is also important to note that standard measurements are utilized for the penalty area and the center circle. For instance, the penalty area has to possess a length of 44 yards and a width of 18 yards. Indeed symmetry can be vital if you want to determine the location of the goal posts and goal area.

The perfect symmetry is surely necessary when planning and marking the soccer field. The above standardized measurements should also be met in order for the field to be approved by law.

The Soccer Ball

Geometry is also essential in pinpointing the type of ball that should be used in a soccer match. Naturally, one of the basic requirements is that the shape of the ball must be spherical. If not, the ball will not be rolled or used properly in the game. Furthermore, a circumference of about 27 to 28 inches is compulsory. There are laws also pertaining to the geometrical specifications of the soccer ball. Despite the improvements and innovations being undertaken to enhance the ability of the ball to increase goal scores, the standardized requirements remain the same.

The Soccer Game

Being knowledgeable about angles and measurements will significantly benefit soccer players during a game. The victorious completion of passes is largely enhanced when the players know how to determine angles. For example, as an opponent is about to pass the ball to a teammate, you can do a quick review of the relative positioning of the players on the field so as to block the pass or to hamper their paths. And in the case that a teammate of yours forwards the ball “too square”, this makes it harder to get to the attacking third.

If you are in the role of an attacker, it would help to make use of wider angles. Instead of applying a direct route, pass the ball through broad angles and you will diminish the risk of an opponent seizing the ball from your side. Indeed this example is a superb application of knowledge on angles. Of course soccer players are not required to be good in geometry to be able to do this. Nevertheless, studying geomety in relation to soccer will contribute a lot to taking away more trial and error attempts.

In taking the role of a goalkeeper, it is also important to know about angles. The positioning of a goalkeeper is essential to narrow the angle through which the opponent can attain the goal and score. It does not work the same way for the keeper, though. Shot stopper frequently slip off from the goal line when they need to face penalties. This is also done when there are attackers coming. Applying geometry here, you realize that you have to make the distance shorter for the same angle so that there will also be a thinner gap for the two sides of a triangle. In the decision on team formations, triangulation has a huge effect on soccer.

Indeed geometry is a big player in soccer where fundamental techniques are utilized and where team formations are concerned, along with the technical aspects of the field and ball used. Also, symmetry should be highly considered. In using geometry, you will know how to mark an arc properly and you can avoid making the center circle oval-shaped instead of perfectly round. If this happens, the ball will not roll right and goalkeepers will tend to stay on the goal line when the attackers are coming. Geometry is surely crucial in soccer.

## Osasuna Gives Barcelona a Hand

Real Mardrid lost 1-0 on the road at Osasuna and the price they paid was high, as now Barcelona has increased their advantage to seven points.

Keeping up the pace of a team that is breaking all the records in the Liga BBVA sure was a difficult task for any of the 19 clubs competing against Barcelona, and the only team that seemed qualified to do so was Real Madrid. After this weekend it is evident that not even Real Madrid has what it takes to do so. The white team stepped into the Reyno de Navarra stadium on Sunday with the pressure of being seven points away from the leader Barcelona, and needed to win in order to maintain the four point difference that separated them prior to match day 21.

Things didn’t go well at all for Real Madrid as they lost 1-0 against Osasuna, and saw how Barcelona increased their margin of error as the defending champions won their match against Hercules on Saturday by 3-0. The last two road games for the white team have been a failure, as they tied to one against Almeria and with this loss they have seen how a two point difference turns into seven.

The road games have been the key for Barcelona, as they have a perfect record of 10-0-0 in contrast with Real Madrid’s 6-3-2. With their win against Hercules, the red and blue team didn’t just avenge the only game that they have lost this season – against Hercules 2-0 at home during match day two-, but also tied the record of most consecutive wins in La Liga, which had been established by Real Madrid in the 1960/61 season with 15 victories in a row.

In the first half of the season they also established a new record of points with 52, relegating to the second place the squads’ previous mark: the 50 points they harvested in the first 19 games of the 2008-09 season. If they keep up with this pace until the end of the season, the 99 points with which they clinched their second La Liga title in a row will definitely be surpassed.

In other important results, Villareal visited Espanyol and won three important points on the road thanks to a great goal from Guissepe Rossi after a good team play in minute 44 of the first half. With that victory Villareal keeps holding on to the third place that gives direct access to the 2011-12 UEFA Champions League. The yellow team reached the sum of 45 points, and increased the distance with Valencia to four points, as the Che team tied to one against Racing, losing two points.

Another team that took advantage of their contenders was Athletic Club that benefited from Espanyol’s loss and their victory against Atletico de Madrid by 2-0. With their win they shorten distances with Espanyol (37) that is fifth -and are now just two points away with 35- and won the battle against Atletico for the sixth place that gives access to the 2011-12 Europa League cup.

Of the three teams -Levante, Almeria and Malaga -fighting against relegation -with 18, 17 and 17 points respectively-, only Levante obtained a victory. It was a 2-0 win at home against Getafe. Malaga lost at home to Zaragoza 1-2, while Almeria lost on the road 2-0 to Real Sociedad.

Match day 22 will be played this coming weekend February 5-6 with Atletico de Madrid at Barcelona as the main dish on Saturday.

## Leopoldo Lares Banorte Believes Sports Activity Helps With Survival

For Leopoldo Lares Banorte, it is important to engage your child in sports activities as this will help him/her in the long run. First of all, when the child is engaged in any sport, he/she could be proud with his/her achievements. Sports activity helps in enhancing the drive for survival of an individual as it helps develop your character. A child is developing his/her character as he/she grows older, which is why Leopoldo believes that this is the best time to expose the child to a sport whom he/she will love.

Being involved in a sport will help the child learn about new things which they could then use for his/her actions towards others. He believes that children who are trained properly become better persons because they are not just being trained to be good in the sport, but it also develops their character. Once the child knows about the success and disappointments in a game, they could use this to handle their own challenges in life. Leopoldo believes that this will develop a strong personality and the right attitude towards life.

Leopoldo Lares Banorte loves children, and he loves the game of soccer. He wants to share his learning to children about soccer by coaching the young soccer fanatics about the proper way to play the game. He considers the soccer playing field as the world and whatever you do in the field will determine whether you will win, or you will lose. It is a very difficult sport who is very physical and demanding which he can relate to how life is also like. For him, he wants to teach children who no matter how difficult the game can be. They can surpass it by being braved to face them. He tells the children that they will experience having problems in their lives, and if they won’t face the problems, then they won’t experience the freedom from it. You also need to face the consequences of your actions similar to a misstep in the playing field. You also have to learn from your mistakes if you want to be a better person and a better soccer player.

For Leopoldo Lares Banorte, it is important than soccer coaches know their importance in the lives of these children. They won’t just act as a soccer coach, but they can inspire the kids to become better individuals by citing as a good example and teaching them good values that they could use later in life. Leopoldo is also teaching his kids how to play the game of soccer, and he’s also able to teach them good values. He is a proud father and coach of his children, and he knows that they’d become good adults as well.

## Spanish League Goes on Strike

La Liga won’t start until a new collective bargaining agreement is signed according the Spanish Players Association.

An act of solidarity is what has driven the Spanish Players Association (AFE) to call a work stoppage for the first and second round of the 2011-12 Liga BBVA season, as well as the Liga Adelante. After two months of talks with the National Football League (LFP) to make the players’ rights be respected, specifically those whose salaries were not being paid on time or at all, the AFE has decided to make a statement about their position by refusing to play the first two match days of the season, until a new and satisfactory collective bargaining agreement isn’t signed.

Work stoppages seem to be at the order of the day in the world of sports. The longest one in U.S. history came to an end just last month, after jeopardizing the dispute of America’s favorite sport this season: NFL football. Almost five months were consumed to finally reach an agreement between the players and team owners to end the lock-out.

Like a virus, the work stoppage searched for another victim, and found one in the NBA, that began its lock out last month and still has exhausting hours of talks ahead before a solution can be reached.

And that virus has now migrated into the old continent, mutating into a species that like a chameleon changes its looks according to its environment. Football is its new suit, and the Liga BBVA its prey. The remedy is no secret: put the AFE and LFP back on the same path.

LFP President Jose Luis Astiazaran doesn’t understand the AFE’s call for a strike, since in the last two months of talks two important improvements have been approved: the economic control and the wage guarantee fund. Despite this he doesn’t fear for negotiations to break with this strike.

What has driven the players to this situation that Astiazaran can’t understand is the experience that clubs like Rayo Vallecano went through last season, which they find inadmissible for a first division team. That the wages of those players were not paid on time led the AFE to think that the ruling collective bargaining contract needed modifications.

For anyone who knows what Marxism represents what is going on with this work stoppage in Spain or simultaneously in the NBA isn’t surprising at all, taking for granted that sports are nothing but the mirror of their society. The only method that they understand as effective to end with the exploitations that the respective ruling entities submit them, driven by capitalism, is through a proletarian revolution.

In sports players are the proletarian and through strikes they manifest their revolution, which wouldn’t be possible without the solidarity from all pushing in the same direction. In Spain the players from the big clubs have no reason of their own for being part of the work stoppage, but they have understood that some of their colleagues do have a reason of their own to claim for their help.

It doesn’t take a genius to understand that without its prime matter a business can’t operate, therefore it’s just a matter of time for the players to get what they demand.

## Golden Cup – US Defeated Honduras to Remain Unbeaten In the Tournament

The two-time defending champion of the Golden Cup, the United States team is currently unbeaten in the tournament and heading into the quarterfinals after defeating Honduras on Wednesday night 2-0; they still have to beat Haiti on Saturday to have a secure spot in the quarterfinals.

The game that was scoreless until minute 75, when Santino Quaranta opened the score when he took a pass from Charlie Davis at the beginning of the penalty zone to fire a good shot and score the first goal for the Americans. This was the first appearance of Quaranta with the United States team in more than three years. “I looked to my left and saw Santino making a good run, so I was able to lay off a good ball for him,” Davies said. “He was just like, ‘Thanks.’ I think it was gratifying for him to score in front of the home crowd.” Santino admitted publicly that he had problems with drugs and alcohol before asking for a new opportunity with the DC United, the team with whom he started his professional career back in 2001.

His road for recovery has been difficult, but conducted him all the way to the national team squad, and he has stated that he is very excited with the opportunity that has been given to him. The second goal came at minute 79th to seal the victory for the United States team with a header from Brian Ching. Both teams had good performances at the RFK stadium and both had several opportunities of opening the score until the US team did. In the 15th minute the first team on having the opportunity was the United States team when a pass from Robbie Rogers to Quaranta ended on a header that went wide into the goalpost.

In the 22nd minute the American team had another chance when Ching overpass the ball through the goalkeeper Donis Escobar, but he couldn’t regain the ball and it was cleared by the Honduras defense.

Honduras had a great opportunity of scoring at minute 30′ when Walter Martinez broke away and it was just him against the US goalkeeper, but he shoot the ball too wide and it just passed by the goal arc and hit the net in the left side.

The roster of the United States team for this tournament is completely different from the one they had in Confederations Cup last month since most of the players were given a recess before they enter into the last part of the qualifying rounds for the World Cup of next year. Coach Bob Bradley is trying to see if he has to make some more changes for the squad to be more solid since most of the players that went to the Confederations Cup are not playing.

The first ones on giving a breath of fresh air to the offense were the veterans Charlie Davies and Benny Feilhaber, and some other changes that he made in the other games they have been playing. The game against Haiti will be another test to see if he needs to make more changes in the team.